Tạp chí số 49   12/2/2015 11:07:32 AM
 

Tóm tắt Tạp chí Khoa học thương mại số 49 tháng 8/2012 - 31/8/2012

   

 

1. Ngô Xuân Thanh - Một số đánh giá nguồn cung trên thị trường chứng khoán Việt Nam

Ngo Xuan Thanh - Evaluating Supply Sources in Vietnam Stock Market

Since 2006, which was the explosion time for Vietnam Stock Market with VN Index in HCM Stock Exchange reaching 1000 points per transaction, the Stock Market of Vietnam has proved to be an important mid-term and long-term channel for capital mobilization of the economy. Capital raised from stock market via the issuance of stocks to the public, auction of stocks and bonds is on the rise. However, after the global financial crisis in autumn 2008, Vietnam Stock Market has deteriorated sharply, reflecting the unstable growth of the market. Specifically, with policies to stimulate enterprises to be listed in the development periods, the supply has increased strongly while market demand is shrinking due to tough macroeconomic conditions and the concerns over a possible dual recession. The article evaluates the supply sources in the market and proposes some policies to guarantee the increase of the supply for the market and also improve the quality of the supply in the coming time.

 

2. ThS. Trương Văn Khánh and ThS. Võ Đức Toàn  - Hoạt động phối hợp giữa quỹ bảo lãnh tín dụng với các ngân hàng thương mại và tổ chức hiệp hội trong việc bảo lãnh tín dụng, trợ giúp doanh nghiệp nhỏ và vừa ở Việt Nam

Truong Van Khanh, MA and Vo Duc Toan, MA - Cooperation between Credit Guarantee Fund and Commercial Banks  and Institutes in Guaranteeing Credits and Assisting Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Vietnam

The establishment of Credit Guarantee Fund for Small and Medium Enterprises has facilitated the development of SMEs as it provides credit guarantee for feasible business projects which enterprises do not have enough property to secure bank loans; it has also helped them enhance their competitiveness, improve their management capacity. To bring the role of the fund into full play, it is necessary to have a synchronous cooperation between credit guarantee fund, credit institutes, especially commercial banks, and the SMEs themselves. However, at present the coordination in the credit guarantee fund’s activities remains limited; therefore, in their article, the authors have analyzed the situation of coordination activities of the fund, analyzed the reasons for the limitations and suggested the solutions in a hope that the cooperation will improve to better meet the demand of the enterprises.

 

3. ThS. Phạm Thành Thái - Một nghiên cứu thực nghiệm về nhu cầu thịt, cá ở khu vực thành thị và nông thôn Việt Nam

Pham Thanh Thai, MA - A Survey on the Demand for Meat and Fish in Vietnam Urban and Rural Areas

The article presents the findings of a survey on the demand for fish and meat of consumers in Vietnam urban and rural areas via the use of AIDS model (Almost Ideal Demand System). The survey uses secondary data collected from a survey on living standards of Vietnamese households conducted in 2008 by the General Statistics. The censored regression for equations is applied. The two-step demand equations are estimated. In the first phase, the Inverse Mill Ratio (IMR) is estimated by using profit regression model. In the second phase, IMR estimated in the first phase is added to AIDS to estimate the elasticity of demand for fish and meat. The survey aims at estimating the elasticity of demand for various kinds of meat and fish in the urban and rural areas of Vietnam. The indicators of the estimation models are used to calculate the demand elasticity according to Hicksian and Marshallian prices and the demand elasticity according to consumption. The findings show that the elasticity according to spending (income) for pork and chicken in the rural is lower than that in the urban areas but the elasticity according to spending (income) for beef and fish in the urban is higher than that in the rural areas. In both areas, pork and chicken are the two ordinary stuff while beef and fish are considered luxury items.

 

 

4. ThS. Bùi Thị Thanh Tuyết - Một vài ý kiến về mua bán doanh nghiệp theo quy định của pháp luật Việt Nam

Bui Thi Thanh Tuyet, MA - About Business Merger and Acquisition under the Laws of Vietnam

Merger and acquisition (M&A) has long been considered an independent business sector with lasting development history. The first wave of M&A was recorded in the form of horizontal cooperation, known as “The Great Merger Movement”, occurring in the US from 1897 – 1904. In Vietnam, the concept is not new and recognized by laws since 1990s; however it has just existed in the form of restructuring and renewing inefficient state enterprises which cannot be equitized. The current legal regulations are not consistent, sometimes contradictory and overlapping, causing many difficulties for investors. The article generalizes the concept of M&A, its situation in Vietnam, from which proposes some solutions to completing the laws on M&A in the coming time.

 

5. Vũ Mạnh Chiến - Bảng điều khiển quản lý hay Thẻ điểm cân bằng?

Dr. Vu Manh Chien - Tableau de Bord or Balance Scorecard?

The article presents information on the two prominent tools in business management, including Tableau de Bord (TDB) and Balance Scorecard (BSC). TDB, which was invented by the French in early 20th century, is an overall tool of indicators enabling managers to make decisions toward the strategic goals of the business. BSC is created by two American scientists, Robert Kaplan and David Norton, in 1990s. The author introduces the applications of these two tools in the reality of businesses in France and America, from which draws useful experiences for their applications in Vietnam.

 

6. ThS. Phạm Tuấn Anh - Nghiên cứu về động cơ quyết định đầu tư công nghiệp phụ trợ của chủ doanh nghiệp tại Việt Nam

Pham Tuan Anh, MA - Research on Motivation behind the Decision of Investments in Supporting Industries in Vietnam

The article researches the motivations and some factors affecting the investment decisions in supporting industries of some Vietnamese entrepreneurs. By contrasting various models of investment motivations, together with the analysis of features of supporting industries, 16 factors are selected for analysis on motivations of investment, divided into 4 independent variants and 3 dependent on investment decisions. 122 business owners in the fields of supporting industries and related areas participated in the survey. The findings show that most of the recipients are interested in investing in the development of supporting industries; however, their interest level is higher than their willingness and plans to investment. The survey also indicates that factors of economic expectations, advantages in natural resources and infrastructure have bigger impacts on the investment decisions than the policy factors. The findings serve as a background for the proposal of solutions to help motivate the investment decisions (investment expansion) in developing the supporting industries of the entrepreneurs.

 

7. TS. Nguyễn Viết Thái và ThS. Kiều Thu Hương - Phát triển xúc tiến, quảng bá du lịch quốc tế đến của các doanh nghiệp lữ hành Hà Nội trong giai đoạn hiện nay

Dr, Nguyen Viet Thai and Kieu Thu Huong, MA - Developing International Tourism Promotions of Hanoi Tourism Agencies in the Present Context

As one of the two biggest tourism centers of the country, Hanoi plays an important role in developing the tourism services for the country in general and the North in particular. Tourism agencies in Hanoi hold an essential part in attracting visitors to not only the capital but distributing to other Northern provinces. In the past time, Hanoi-based tourism agencies have implemented many promotional activities in various forms: advertising, personal selling, sales promotion, tourism fairs, etc. However, many of these activities are still unprofessional, ineffective and lack the cooperation. The primary targets of this study are to survey, analyze and evaluate the situation of promotional activities of Hanoi-based tourism agencies to attract international visitors, from which suggests solutions to developing these activities by 2020. The solutions are made on the basis of analyzing 2 areas of promotional activities: the use of promotional tools and the links in the promotional activities.

 

8. PGS.TS. Lê Quân và TS. Mai Thanh Lan - Giải pháp giảm tỷ lệ nghỉ việc của nhân viên bán hàng tại các siêu thị trên địa bàn Hà Nội

A/Prof.Dr. Le Quan and Dr. Mai Thanh Lan - Solutions to Reducing Staff Turnover in Hanoi-based Supermarkets

Shop assistant is becoming an attractive job to many young people though most of them do not consider it as their career objectives. The rate of staff turnover in this post is very high as many assistants just see it as a temporary job. The urgent need for supermarkets, therefore, is standardizing the job via systematic policies such as constructing criteria on the post, recruitment, training and welfare to increase their commitment to work. In their article, the authors study the situation of staff turnover in Hanoi-based supermarkets, from which suggest some solutions to reducing this rate in the coming time.

 

9. ThS. Nguyễn Ngọc Diệp - Đào tạo tiểu thương ở các trung tâm thương mại được hình thành sau chuyển đổi mô hình chợ tại Hà Nội: thực trạng và giải pháp

Nguyen Ngoc Diep, MA - Training for Small Traders in Trading Centers upon the Transition in Hanoi-based Markets: Situation and Solutions

Under the master plan of restructing wholesale and retail network in the city by 2020, vision 2030, Hanoi will have built a system of 126 markets from the old ones, including the transitions of many traditional markets to trading centers to develop trading activities of the capital under the modern orientations. To best utilize their strenghs as well as adapt to the new business environment, small trades in the markets under the transition and restructuring need to have fundamental knowledge about the operation and organization of the modern business practices. Surveys have indicated that the training of small traders still remains weak in terms of content, methods, forms and organization. Administrative agencies have not yet attended to making plans and policies to develop this workforce. Many problems still exist such as cutting-throat prices, unfair competition for customers, etc. The need is to improve the training activities to enhance the knowledge and modern skills for small traders to create a qualified workforce to meet the demand of develop the capital’s business environment.

 

10. ThS. Cảnh Chí Dũng và TS. Phan Chí Anh - Quản trị nguồn nhân lực và kết quả hoạt động của các trường đại học - ví dụ Trường Đại học Kinh tế, Đại học Quốc gia Hà Nội

Canh Chi Dung, MA and Phan Chi Anh, Dr - HR Management and Its Performance in Universities - A Case Study in Business School, Vietnam National University, Hanoi

The article presents a theoretical overview and prominent international studies on the relationship between human resource management practices and the performance of the universities. Reality studies have shown that the recruitment and use of the labor, the motivation scheme, the participation of the laborers and the activity management all have a positive impact on the performance of the organizations (including the satisfaction of the staff, their teaching and researching outcomes, the satisfaction of the society and the financial results). Based on the theoretical analysis and reality studies, the authors propose an analysis frame on the relationship between human resource management practices and the university performance.

 

 

11. ThS. Nguyễn Thu Hương - Hoạt động chuyển giao công nghệ trong các trường đại học của Việt Nam

Nguyen Thu Huong, MA - Technological Transfers in Vietnam Universities

According to the results of published surveys, technological transfers from Vietnam universities to businesses and organizations have not come up to expectation but fell below the present research capacity and development potentials. This situation poses many problems, creating the need for basic and direct research projects to find out specific solutions to help Vietnam universities promote their technological transfer activities, contributing to the development of education and training as well as society and economy. The article presents some fundamental problems in technological transfer in Vietnam coupled with suggestions on how to improve these activities at the universities.

 

TIN KHÁC
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